A importância da Coleta Seletiva

A Coleta Seletiva como forma de reduzir a poluição e extração de recursos naturais.

A coleta seletiva é importante quando falamos em reduzir os impactos causados pela contaminação do meio ambiente.

Com o aumento da população cresce junto a produção de lixo e a necessidade do descarte correto, para que esse resíduo não agrave ainda mais a degradação do meio ambiente.

Os resíduos descartados de maneira inadequada pelo homem afetam diretamente o meio ambiente. Para evitar o excesso de poluição, a reciclagem assume um papel fundamental na preservação do meio ambiente.

Um novo estudo encomendado pelo Cempre, o Compromisso Empresarial para a Reciclagem, mostra que 85% dos brasileiros não tem acesso à coleta seletiva, quase 170 milhões de brasileiros não são atendidos por coleta seletiva em suas cidades.

Segundo a pesquisa, só 1.055 municípios brasileiros têm programas de coleta seletiva, tendo em vista que o Brasil tem mais de 5 mil cidades, esse número representa apenas 18% dos municípios. Quando analisamos a quantidade de cidadãos atendidos ou com acesso a algum programa de reciclagem, a porcentagem cai. Só 31 milhões de brasileiros – cerca de 15% da população total do país – podem contar com o “luxo” de separar o lixo. Ou seja, 85% dos brasileiros não têm como destinar resíduos para a reciclagem.

Com isso, podemos ver a coleta seletiva como um direito básico, sendo pouco garantido pelas políticas públicas.

O levantamento é feito pela instituição desde 1994, e a comparação ano a ano mostra que a reciclagem está crescendo. A partir de 2010, houve um salto importante em quantidade de municípios que reciclam, um aumento de mais de 100%. Isso ocorreu por conta da aprovação da Política Nacional de Resíduos Sólidos (PNRS).

Para o presidente do Cempre o que falta agora é um maior engajamento das prefeituras. “O entrave é político, e as prefeituras precisam se engajar mais. Quando a política foi aprovada, o governo federal criou linhas de financiamento para o município fazer o plano de gestão, que é a primeira etapa antes de fechar os lixões ou implantar a coleta seletiva. Mas houve um baixo engajamento dos municípios”, diz.

Entretanto a responsabilidade não é só do Poder Público, todos temos nossa responsabilidade individual e devemos agir para que os resíduos que produzimos não causem danos ao Meio Ambiente e a Sociedade.

Realizando o descarte correto dos resíduos possibilitamos que sejam reutilizados ou reciclados, não só deixando de poluir, bem como preservando os recursos naturais.

 

 

 

Fontes:

https://epoca.globo.com/colunas-e-blogs/blog-do-planeta/noticia/2016/06/85-dos-brasileiros-nao-tem-acesso-coleta-seletiva-mostra-estudo.html, em 26/02/2019.

https://www.menos1lixo.com.br/posts/por-que-fazer-coleta-seletiva, em 26/02/2019.

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