Espécies nativas para arborização urbana.

Plante mais árvores! Não quebre as calçadas e fique de olho na fiação elétrica!

Se você vive em uma cidade, certamente conhece os benefícios gerados pela arborização em ambientes urbanos. As árvores produzem muito mais que sombra e frescor. São colaboradoras imprescindíveis no combate à poluição e ao barulho, atraem e protegem aninais selvagens e reduzem consideravelmente o efeito de bolha de calor gerado pelo asfalto e pelo cimento das construções. Definitivamente, uma cidade arborizada é uma cidade muito mais confortável.

Só que não é tão simples assim. Como tudo numa cidade, a arborização precisa ser planejada, para que não se torne um pesadelo para o cidadão e um custo desnecessário à prefeitura. Olhe bem as calçadas da sua cidade: várias árvores, mal escolhidas, levantam e deslocam o calçamento, ou encostam e danificam a rede elétrica, dificultando a passagem ou impondo riscos ao pedestre.

Para que isto não aconteça, algumas regras básicas devem ser respeitadas:

  • Frutos e flores: atenção ao tamanho e quantidade, flores e frutos grande podem causar danos em veículos e ferimentos em pedestres, além de gerarem custos à limpeza urbana.
  • Raízes: raízes superficiais ou agressivas geram danos ao calçamento e às instalações subterrâneas, dificultando ou impedindo a passagem de pedestres.
  • Espinhos e venenos: plantas espinhosas ou tóxicas devem ser evitadas.
  • Crescimento rápido: plantas com crescimento rápido apresentam caules menos resistentes, mais suscetíveis a quebras e acidentes.
  • Altura e conformação da copa: atenção à rede elétrica, árvores mais altas e com copas frondosas devem ser evitadas sob a fiação.
  • Espaço: atenção à área livre necessária em torno do caule, para a devida aeração do solo e infiltração de água.
  • Diversidade: a diversidade de espécies plantadas serve para impedir a disseminação de doenças, e ainda permite que você tenha sombra e veja flores e frutos durante todo o ano.

Entendidas as regras para a arborização urbana, veja agora alguns tipos de árvores nativas comumente utilizadas em nossas cidades:

 

 

SIBIPIRUNA: nativa da Mata Atlântica, árvore de grande porte, uma das mais comuns em ruas e praças do Brasil.

 

IPÊ: gênero muito popular de árvores de grande porte com flores em diversas cores, em sua maioria nativas do Brasil.

 

PAU-FAVA: Árvore de médio porte, nativa do Brasil e muito utilizada em paisagismo urbano.

 

MULUNGU DO LITORAL: árvore nativa de pequeno porte, muito difundida pelas flores vistosas e facilidade de crescimento.

 

MANACÁ DA SERRA: Nativa da Mata Atlântica, a árvore resistente e de pequeno porte é muito utilizada em paisagismo urbano.

 

 

Fontes:

www.archdaily.com.br/br/880359/20-especies-nativas-para-arborizacao-urbana

blog.plantei.com.br/25-arvores-que-voce-pode-plantar-sem-medo-de-destruir-sua-calcada-e-a-rede-eletrica/

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